UrogynecologyPelvic Pain & Endometriosis

You don’t need to live with chronic pain.

Pelvic pain can range from being a nuisance to downright debilitating, yet finding the root cause of that pain can be an involved process and its exact source can be difficult to identify. No matter what level of pain you are experiencing, your Garrison Women’s Health provider will take a multidisciplinary approach to diagnose and treat your pain so you can get your life back.

Common causes of pelvic pain:


When tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus, the result can be pelvic pain.


Sexually transmitted diseases, urinary tract infections (UTIs), or other causes can lead to inflammation, which can cause pain in your pelvic area.


The body’s response to the stages of a woman’s reproductive cycle can lead to cramping and discomfort.


When scar tissue inside the body connects two tissues that should not be connected, adhesions occur and can cause pain.


Growths (often non-cancerous) within a woman’s reproductive organs are often a source of pain in the pelvic area.

Food intolerance

Reactions to certain foods or beverages can cause you inflammation or pain.

Pelvic pain can also be caused by ectopic pregnancies, cysts, gastrointestinal disorders, appendicitis, irritable bowel syndrome, and a host of other issues. Your gynecologist is well suited to identify the reason for your pain and work on a solution to help you feel better.

girl in pain sitting on bed

Endometriosis explained: causes, symptoms, treatments

As we mentioned above, endometriosis occurs when the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of it. While the exact cause remains unknown, there are a number of possibilities including retrograde menstruation, where menstrual blood containing endometrial cells flows back into the pelvic cavity where they line the walls and grow from there. Another cause may be an immune system disorder where your body is unable to recognize and destroy the outside tissue.

Symptoms of endometriosis may reveal themselves in many different ways. Some of the most common include pain during intercourse and more painful periods, excessive bleeding, and pain when going to the bathroom, among others.

When it comes to treatments, you'll work with our team of urogynecologists to review your symptoms and discuss the best course of action to help improve your comfort level. In some cases, your doctor may recommend pain medication or hormone therapy to reduce or eliminate endometrial pain. Depending on your situation, and if you're trying to become pregnant, conservative surgery such as laparoscopy or other forms of fertility treatment may be recommended.

Regardless of your situation, we're committed to listening to your health concerns and addressing the problem together, as a team.